Eliot, George

Eliot, George
► (1819-80) Seudónimo de Mary Ann Evans, escritora británica. Su gran sensibilidad y vasta cultura se reflejan en su obra, de alto valor estético y humano. Autora de Mediados de marzo (1871-72).

* * *

orig. Mary Ann Evans post. Marian Evans

(22 nov. 1819, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, Inglaterr–22 dic. 1880, Londres).

Novelista inglesa. Eliot fue criada en los rigurosos principios de la piedad evangélica, pero rompió con la ortodoxia religiosa alrededor de los 20 años. Trabajó como traductora, crítica y subeditora de la Westminster Review (1851–54). Más tarde se dedicó a la narrativa. Adoptó un seudónimo masculino para librarse de los prejuicios contra las novelistas mujeres. Su primera obra fue Escenas de la vida clerical (1858), a la que siguieron obras clásicas del género, como Adam Bede (1859), El molino junto al Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Romola (1862–63), Felix Holt, the Radical [Felix Holt, el radical] (1866) y Daniel Deronda (1876). Su obra maestra, Middlemarch (1871–72), propone un completo estudio de todas las clases de la sociedad provinciana. El método de análisis psicológico que desarrolló, llegaría a convertirse en un rasgo característico de la narrativa moderna. Tuvo una relación sentimental larga y feliz, aunque escandalosa, con el periodista, filósofo y crítico George Henry Lewes (n. 1817–m. 1878), un hombre casado; sus salones de los domingos por la tarde eran uno de los aspectos más brillantes de la vida intelectual victoriana.

George Eliot, dibujo al clarión de F.W. Burton, 1865; National Portrait Gallery, Londres.
Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

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  • ELIOT, GEORGE° — ELIOT, GEORGE°, pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans (1819–1880), English novelist. A Christian, George Eliot was a friend of the talmudic scholar emanuel deutsch , and began to study Hebrew and to show an interest in Jewish matters at an early age.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eliot,George — Eliot, George. Pen name of Mary Ann Evans. 1819 1880. British writer whose novels, all in the 19th century realist tradition, include Adam Bede (1859), Silas Marner (1861), and her masterpiece, Middlemarch (1871 1872). * * * …   Universalium

  • Eliot, George — orig. Mary Ann Evans later Marian Evans born Nov. 22, 1819, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, Eng. died Dec. 22, 1880, London British novelist. Eliot was raised with a strong evangelical piety but broke with religious orthodoxy in her 20s. She worked …   Universalium

  • Eliot, George — (1819 1880)    George Eliot, the pseudonym of Mary Ann or Marian Cross (formerly, Evans) said to be one of the greatest novelists in England s history was born in Warwickshire. Her father was overseer to Arbury Hall, the Newdigate family s seven… …   British and Irish poets

  • ELIOT, GEORGE —    the nom de plume of Mary Ann Evans, distinguished English novelist, born at Arbury, in Warwickshire; was bred on evangelical lines, but by and by lost faith in supernatural Christianity; began her literary career by a translation of Strauss s… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Eliot, George (Mary Ann Evans) — (1819–80)    English novelist. Born in War wickshire of a lower middle class family, Mary Evans, writing under the male pseudonym George Eliot, is regarded as a precursor of Zionism. She was already an established novelist, after Mill on the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Eliot, George —  Pen name of Mary Ann (later Marian) Evans (1819–1880), English author …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Eliot, George — pseud. di Evans, Mary Ann …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Eliot, George —    see Evans, Mary Ann …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • George Fielding Eliot — (22 June 1894 – 21 April 1971) was a Second Lieutenant in the Australian army in World War I. He became a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and later a Major in the Military Intelligence Reserve of the United States Army. He was the… …   Wikipedia

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